Ampliando la investigación sobre identidad sociocultural en la psicología del deporte: El potencial de las autobiografías de los atletas



En la psicología cultural del deporte (PCD), los investigadores han considerado la expresión múlti-ple e intersectorial de la identidad del atleta para mejorar la participación, la inclusión y el ren-dimiento deportivo. El objetivo del presente documento era aprovechar y ampliar un programa de investigación de la PCD centrado en las identidades construidas socialmente, mediante la explora-ción de la indagación narrativa junto con las autobiografías de los atletas como fuentes de datos. Para ello, esbozamos los principios centrales de la indagación narrativa y las convergencias con la PCD, seguido de una visión general de la autobiografía. A continuación, nos basamos en la inves-tigación autobiográfica de los estudios culturales y la psicología del deporte en relación con dos esferas centrales de interés en la PCD: las cuestiones de género, con especial atención a las muje-res, y la salud y bienestar en el deporte. Concluimos con algunas aspiraciones para futuras inves-tigaciones sobre autobiografías basadas en la indagación narrativa, para ampliar una agenda de investigación de CSP.

Palabras clave

Indagación narrativa, Psicología cultural del deporte, Investigación cualitativa, Atletismo


Blodgett, Amy T.; Schinke, Robert J.; McGannon, Kerry R. & Fisher, Leslee A. (2015). Cultural sport psychology research: Conceptions, evolutions and forecasts. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 8(1), 24-43.

Blodgett, Amy T.; Ge, Yang; Schinke, Robert J. & McGannon, Kerry R. (2017). Intersecting identities of female boxers: Stories of cultural difference and marginalization in sport. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 32, 83-92.

Brewer, Britton W.; Van Raalte, Judy L. & Linder, Darwyn E. (1993). Athletic identity: Hercules’ muscles or Achilles heel? International Journal of Sport Psychology, 24(2), 237–254.

Butler, Judith (2006). Gender trouble: Feminism and the subversion of identity. Routledge.

Butryn, Ted M. (2002). Critically examining White racial identity and privilege in sport psychology. The Sport Psychologist, 16(3), 316-336.

Butryn, Ted M., & Masucci, Matthew A. (2003). It’s not about the book: A cyborg counter narrative of Lance Armstrong. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 27 (2), 124-144.

Carless, David, & Douglas, Kitrina (2013). Living, resisting, and playing the part of athlete: Narrative tensions in elite sport. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14(5), 701-708.

Connell, R.W., & Messerschmidt, James W. (2005). Hegemonic masculinity: Rethinking the concept. Gender & Society, 19(6), 829–859.

Eakin, Paul J. (2008). Living life autobiographically: How we create identity in narrative. Cornell University Press.

Fisher, Leslee A.; Butryn, Ted M., & Roper, Emily A. (2003). Diversifying (and politicizing) sport psychology: A promising perspective. The Sport Psychologist, 17(4), 391-405.

Frank, Arthur (2013). The wounded storyteller (2nd edition). The University of Chicago Press.

Gill, D. (2001). In search of feminist sport psychology: Then, now, and always. The Sport Psychologist, 15, 363–449.

Heinecken, Dawn (2016). Gender and jockography: Post-feminism resistance in female sports autobiographies. Feminist Media Studies, 16(2), 325-343.

Howells, Karen, & Fletcher, David (2015). Sink or swim: Adversity-and growth-related experiences in Olympic swimming champions. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 16(3), 37-48.

Krane, Vikki (2001). One lesbian feminist epistemology: Integrating feminist standpoint, queer theory and cultural studies. The Sport Psychologist, 15, 401-411.

McMahon, Jenny (2016). Creative analytical practices. In. Brett Smith & Andrew C. Sparkes (Eds.). International Handbook of Qualitative Methods in Sport and Exercise (pp. 302-315). Routledge.

McGannon, Kerry R., & McMahon, Jenny (2019). Understanding female athlete disordered eating and recovery through narrative turning points in autobiographies. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 40, 42-50.

McGannon, Kerry R.; Schinke, Robert J. & Busanich, Rebecca (2014). Cultural sport psychology: Considerations for enhancing cultural competence of practitioners. In Lauren S. Tashman & Gilbert Cremades (Eds.) Becoming a sport, exercise, and performance psychology professional: International perspectives (pp. 135-142). Routledge.

McGannon, Kerry R.; Schinke, Robert J.; Ge, Yang & Blodgett, Amy T. (2019). Negotiating gender and sexuality: A qualitative analysis of elite women boxer intersecting identities and sport psychology implications. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 31(2),168-186.

McGannon, Kerry R., & Smith, Brett (2015). Centralizing culture in cultural sport psychology research: The potential of narrative inquiry and discursive psychology. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 17, 79-87.

McGannon, Kerry R.; Smith, Brett; Kendellen, Kelsey, & Gonsalves, Christine A. (2019). Qualitative research in six sport and exercise psychology journals between 2010-2017: An updated and expanded review of trends and interpretations. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. Advance online publication.

McGannon, Kerry R., & Spence, John C. (2010). Speaking of the self and physical activity participation: What discursive psychology can tell us about an old problem. Qualitative Research in Sport and Exercise, 2(1), 17-38.

McGannon, Kerry R.; Tatarnic, Erin, & McMahon, Jenny (2019). The long and winding road: An autobiographic study of an elite athlete mother’s journey to winning gold. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 31(4), 385-404.

Moesch, Karin; Kentta, Goran; Kleinert, Jens; Quignon-Fleuret, Cedric; Cecil, Sarah, & Bertollo, Maurizio. (2018). FEPSAC position statement: Mental health disorders in elite athletes and models of service provision. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 38, 61-71.

Newman, Hannah J.; Howells, Karen L., & Fletcher, David (2016). The dark side of top level sport: An autobiographic study of depressive experiences in elite sport performers. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 1-12.

Pipkin, James (2008). Sporting lives: Metaphor and myth in American sports autobiographies. University of Missouri Press.

Reardon, Claudia L.; Hainline, Brian; Miller Aron, Cindy; Baron, David; Baum, Antonia L.; Bindra, Abhinav; Budgett, Richard; Campriani, Niccolo; Castaldelli-Maia, João Mauricio; Currie, Alan; Derevensky, Jeffrey L.; Glick, Ira D.; Gorczynski, Paul; Gouttebarge, Vincent; Grandner, Michael A.; Hyun Han, Doug; McDuff, David; Mountjoy, Margo; Aslihan, Polat; Purcell, Rosemary… Engebretsen, Lars. (2019). Mental health in elite athletes: International Olympic Committee consensus statement. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 53(11), 667-699.

Ronkainen, Noora J.; Kavoura, Anna, & Ryba, Tatiana V. (2015). A meta-study of athletic identity research in sport psychology: Current status and future directions. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 9(1), 45-64.

Ronkainen, Noora J.; Kavoura, Anna, & Ryba, Tatiana V. (2016). Narrative and discursive perspectives on athlete identity: Past, present and, future. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 27, 128-137.

Ryba, Tatiana V.; Schinke, Roberts J., & Tenenbaum, Gershon (Eds.). (2010). The cultural turn in sport and exercise psychology. Fitness Information Technology.

Ryba Tatiana V.; Stambulova, Natalia; Si, Gangyan, & Schinke, Robert J. (2013). ISSP position stand: Culturally competent research and practice in sport and exercise psychology. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 11(3), 123-142.

Schinke, Robert J.; Stambulova, Natalia B.; Lidor, Ronnie; Papaioannou, Athanasios, & Ryba, Tatiana V. (2016). ISSP position stand: Social missions through sport and exercise psychology. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 14(1), 4-22.

Schinke, Robert J.; Stambulova, Natalia B.; Si, Gangya, & Moore, Zella. (2018). International society of sport psychology position stand: Athletes’ mental health, performance, and development. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 16(6), 622-639.

Schippers, Mimi (2007). Recovering the feminine other: Masculinity, femininity and gender hegemony. Theory & Society, 36, 85-102.

Slater, Matthew J.; Barker, Jamie B.; Coffee, Pete, & Jones, Marc V. (2015). Leading for Gold: Social identity leadership processes at the London 2012 Olympic Games. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise, and Health, 7(2), 192-209.

Smith, Brett (2010). Narrative inquiry: Ongoing conversations and questions for sport and exercise psychology research. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 3(1), 87-107.

Smith, Brett. (2016). Narrative analysis in sport and exercise: How can it be done? In Brett Smith & Andrew C. Sparkes (Eds.), Routledge handbook of qualitative research in sport and exercise (pp. 260-273). Routledge.

Smith, Brett; Bundon, Andrea, & Best, Melanie (2016). Disability sport and activist identities: A qualitative study of narratives of activism among elite athletes’ with impairment. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 26, 139-148.

Smith, Brett & Sparkes, Andrew (2008) Contrasting perspectives on narrating selves and identities: An invitation to dialogue. Qualitative Research, 8(1), 5–35.

Smith, Brett, & Sparkes, Andrew C. (2009). Narrative inquiry in sport and exercise psychology: What can it mean, and why might we do it? Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 10(1), 1-11.

Smith, Sidonie, & Watson, Julia (2010). Reading autobiography: A guide for interpreting life narratives (2nd ed.). University of Minnesota Press.

Sparkes, Andrew C. (2004). Bodies, narratives, selves, and autobiography: The example of Lance Armstrong. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 28(4), 397-428.

Sparkes, Andrew C., & Stewart, Carly (2016). Taking sporting autobiographies seriously as an analytical and pedagogical resource in sport, exercise and health. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, 8(2), 113-130.

Stewart, Carly (2011). Packing a punch for the feminist project? The autobiography of Jane Couch. In Andrew C. Sparkes (Ed.), Auto/Biography 2010 Yearbook (pp. 95-111). Russell Press.

Stewart, Carly (2017). Utilizing sporting autobiographies for feminist research: The case of cyclist Nicole Cooke. In Louise Mansfield, Jane Caudwell, Belinda Wheaton & Beccy Watson (Eds.), The Palgrave handbook of feminism and sport, leisure and physical education (pp. 293-311). Palgrave Macmillan.

Stewart, Carly; Smith, Brett & Sparkes, Andrew (2011). Sporting autobiographies of illness and the role of metaphor. Sport in Society, 14(5), 581-597.

Biografía del autor/a

Kerry R. McGannon, School of Human Kinetics Laurentian University Sudbury, Ontario Canada

Full Professor, Sport and Exercise Psychology

School of Human Kinetics

Laurentian University

Brett Smith, Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences Durham University, UK

Full Professor - Sport and Exercise Psychology

Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences

Durham University




Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.